TROPICAL RAINFORESTS: State by state deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

State Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

By Rhett A Butler

Between May 2000 and August 2006, Brazil lost nearly 150,000 square kilometers of forest—an area larger than Greece—and since 1970, over 600,000 square kilometers (232,000 square miles) of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed. Why is Brazil losing so much forest? What can be done to slow deforestation?

Amazon deforestation by state in Brazil, 1988-2009 [square kilometers]

Share of Amazon deforestation by state in Brazil, 1988-2009 [square kilometers]
State | Year1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009
Acre 62054055038040048248212084333585364415474198831078728592398184254167
Amazonas 151011805209807993703702114102358967072061263488515581232775788610604405
Amapá 60130250410369183070254633303910070
Maranhão 24501420110067011353723721745106140910121230106595810859937559226746311271828
Mato Grosso 5140596040202840467462206220103916543527164666963636977037892104051181471454333267832581049
Pará 6990575048903780378742844284784561354139582951116671523775107145887058995659552656074281
Rondônia 234014301670111022652595259547302432198620412358246526733099359738583244204916111136482
Roraima 29063015042028124024022021418422322025334584439311133231309574121
Tocantins 16507305804404093333337973202735762162441892121561582711246310761
Amazônia Legal 2105017770137301103013786148961489629059181611322717383172591822618165216512539627772190141428611651129117464
State | Year1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009
Acre 2.9%3.0%4.0%3.4%2.9%3.2%3.2%4.2%2.4%2.7%3.1%2.6%3.0%2.3%4.1%4.2%2.6%3.1%2.8%1.6%2.0%2.2%
Amazonas 7.2%6.6%3.8%8.9%5.8%2.5%2.5%7.3%5.6%4.5%3.9%4.2%3.4%3.5%4.1%6.1%4.4%4.1%5.5%5.2%4.7%5.4%
Amapá 0.3%0.7%1.8%3.7%0.3%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.1%0.2%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%0.1%0.2%0.2%0.2%0.3%0.8%0.9%
Maranhão 11.6%8.0%8.0%6.1%8.2%2.5%2.5%6.0%5.8%3.1%5.8%7.1%5.8%5.3%5.0%3.9%2.7%4.8%4.7%5.4%9.8%11.1%
Mato Grosso 24.4%33.5%29.3%25.7%33.9%41.8%41.8%35.8%36.0%39.9%37.2%40.3%34.9%42.4%36.5%41.0%42.5%37.6%30.3%23.0%25.2%14.1%
Pará 33.2%32.4%35.6%34.3%27.5%28.8%28.8%27.0%33.8%31.3%33.5%29.6%36.6%28.8%34.7%28.1%31.9%31.0%39.6%47.4%43.4%57.4%
Rondônia 11.1%8.0%12.2%10.1%16.4%17.4%17.4%16.3%13.4%15.0%11.7%13.7%13.5%14.7%14.3%14.2%13.9%17.1%14.3%13.8%8.8%6.5%
Roraima 1.4%3.5%1.1%3.8%2.0%1.6%1.6%0.8%1.2%1.4%1.3%1.3%1.4%1.9%0.4%1.7%1.1%0.7%1.6%2.7%4.4%1.6%
Tocantins 7.8%4.1%4.2%4.0%3.0%2.2%2.2%2.7%1.8%2.1%3.3%1.3%1.3%1.0%1.0%0.6%0.6%1.4%0.9%0.5%0.8%0.8%
Amazônia Legal 100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%100.0%

Accumulated share deforestation since 1988 [does not account for forest regeneration] [square kilometers]
State | Year1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009
Acre 620116017102090249029723454466250955453598964306977739682799357100851067711075112591151311724
Amazonas 1510269032104190498953595729784388669455101251084511457120911297614534157661654117329179391854318949
Amapá 60190440850886886886895895913943943943950950975102110541084112312231223
Maranhão 245038704970564067757147751992641032510734117461297614041149991601317006177611868319334199472121922199
Mato Grosso 51401110015120179602263428854350744546552008572796374570708770778478092672103077114891122036126369129047132305133352
Pará 699012740176302141025197294813376541610477455188457713628246949574732820568905297573103304108809114234119840123527
Rondônia 234037705440655088151141014005187352116723153251942755230017326903578939386432444648848537501485128451789
Roraima 29092010701490177120112251247126852869309233123565391039944433474448775108541759916107
Tocantins 1650238029603400380941424475527255925865644166576901709073027458761678878011807481818237
Amazônia Legal 210503882052550635807736692262107158136217154378167605184988202247220473238638260032285279312702331548345657357189370100377108

Accumulated share of deforestation since 1988 [does not account for forest regeneration] [square kilometers]
State | Year1988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009
Acre 620116017102090249029723454466250955453598964306977739682799357100851067711075112591151311680
Amazonas 1510269032104190498953595729784388669455101251084511457120911297614534157661654117329179391854318948
Amapá 60190440850886886886895895913943943943950950975102110541084112312231293
Maranhão 245038704970564067757147751992641032510734117461297614041149991608417077178321875419428200592133022158
Mato Grosso 51401110015120179602263428854350744546552008572796374570708770778478092672103077114891122036126369129047132305133354
Pará 699012740176302141025197294813376541610477455188457713628246949574732822428938798257104156109815115341120948125229
Rondônia 234037705440655088151141014005187352116723153251942755230017326903578939386432444648848537501485128451766
Roraima 29092010701490177120112251247126852869309233123565391039944433474448775108541759916112
Tocantins 1650238029603400380941424475527255925865644166576901709073027458761678878011807481818242
Amazônia Legal 210503882052550635807736692262107158136217154378167605184988202247220473238638260289285685313457332471346757358408371319378783

Charts and Graphs showing Amazon deforestation on a state by state basis

Deforestation in Amazônia Legal State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Amazônia Legal State, Brazil, 1988-2005
measured stated-by-state by percent share of total forest loss

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Deforestation in Amazônia Legal State, Brazil, 1988-2005
Stated-by-state contribution to total forest loss

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Deforestation in Acre State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Amapá State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Amazonas State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Maranhão State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Mato Grosso State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Pará State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Rondônia State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Roraima State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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Deforestation in Tocantins State, Brazil, 1988-2005

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News on Brazil

Brazil to use body-heat sensing technology to find uncontacted Amazon tribes
(11/19/2008) Brazil will use a plane equipped with body-heat sensing technology to locate tribes in the Amazon rainforest, reports the Associated Press.

California joins effort to fight global warming by saving rainforests
(11/19/2008) California has joined the battle to fight global warming through rainforest conservation. In an agreement signed yesterday at a climate change conference in Beverly Hills, California, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger pledged financial assistance and technical support to help reduce deforestation in Brazil and Indonesia. The Memorandum of Understanding commits the California, Illinois and Wisconsin to work with the governors of six states and provinces within Indonesia and Brazil to help slow and stop tropical deforestation, a source of roughly 20 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.

IP laws not helping indigenous people protect traditional knowledge (repost)
(11/13/2008) Promoting capacity for self-governance rather than using conventional systems governing intellectual property rights may be a more effective way to safeguard traditional knowledge of indigenous groups, argues a new report published by an international team of IP experts. Released at an IP conference convened by Sciences Po, a French research institute, and The Innovation Partnership, a Canadian NGO, the report details how traditional knowledge is treated in Brazil, Kenya and Northern Canada. It finds significant differences in the effectiveness of IP laws and policies in protecting the wisdom and knowledge accumulated by indigenous communities.

Brazil OKs $4 billion dam in the Amazon rainforest
(11/13/2008) Brazil has given final go-ahead on a controversial dam on the Madeira river in the Amazon rainforest provided environmental conditions are met, reports the Associated Press.

Brazilian rancher claims he owns land American nun was killed defending in the Amazon
(11/12/2008) The rancher suspected or orchestrating the killing of an American nun in the Brazilian Amazon now claims he owns the land she died trying to defend, reports the Associated Press (AP).

EU's sustainable biofuels push angers Malaysia, Brazil
(11/7/2008) Eight developing countries threatened to file a World Trade Organization complaint against the E.U. for its proposed legislation to require imported biofuels to meet environmental standards, reports Reuters.

Brazil triples endangered species list
(11/5/2008) Brazil has nearly tripled the number of species on its endangered list due to development, overfishing, pollution, wildlife trafficking and deforestation, reports the Associated Press.

Brazil charges 81 with illegal Amazon deforestation
(11/2/2008) Brazil will file charges against 81 people accused of being the biggest destroyers of the Amazon rainforest, reports the Associated Press.

Wal-mart mulling contribution to Brazil's Amazon rainforest fund
(10/26/2008) Wal-mart may contribute to Brazil's fund for conserving the Amazon rainforest, said Brazilian Environment Minister Carlos Minc.

Peru's uncontacted Amazon tribes under attack
(10/22/2008) Illegal logging in the Peruvian Amazon is driving uncontacted tribes into Brazil where they are in conflict over food and resources with other uncontacted groups, according to a Reuters interview with a leading expert on indigenous tribes.

Breakthrough may enable reforestation using mahogany
(10/16/2008) Brazilian researchers are closer to developing a way to establish large-scale mahogany plantations, reports the ITTO in its bi-monthly update. Scientists at the Federal Rural University of Amazonia (UFRA) have found that planting a matrix of mahogany with cedar reduces the incidence of the Hypsipyla grandella caterpillar, a chief pest of mahogany that has doomed previous attempts to reforest with the valuable hardwood species.

Brazil to have high resolution imagery for 86% of the Amazon by year end
(10/15/2008) Brazil will have high resolution imagery for 86 percent of its Amazon territory by the end of the year, according to Reuters. The images will help the country protect the Amazon rainforest and prosecute alleged environmental crimes, including illegal logging and agricultural expansion.

Slowing global economy will reduce Amazon deforestation
(10/8/2008) The global financial crisis will likely slow forest clearing in the Amazon rainforest, said Brazil's environment minister. Falling commodity prices combined with tighter credit and increased aversion to risk will undermine the economics of activities — including logging and agricultural expansion — that are key drivers of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. Forest clearing in the region has shown an increasingly tight correlation to beef and soy prices in recent years. Both products are produced on cleared rainforest lands.

Anti-NGO rhetoric in Brazil a response to environmental criticism says environment minister
(10/8/2008) Accusations against foreign environmental groups operating in the Brazilian Amazon are "exaggerated" to deflect criticism on high deforestation rates in the region said Brazil's environment minister at a summit in Brasilia.

Forest corridors key to maintaining biodiversity in fragmented landscape
(10/7/2008) Alta Floresta, a region in the Brazilian Amazon state of Mato Grosso, has experienced one of the highest deforestation rates on the planet since the mid-1980s due to the influx of colonists and ranchers who converted nearly half the region's forest land to pasture and agricultural plots. The change has had significant ecological impacts, including reducing the availability of water, increasing the incidence of forest fires, fragmenting remaining forest cover, and diminishing the quality of habitat for wildlife.

'Children of the Amazon' looks at cultural loss of Amazon tribe confronted by deforestation
(10/5/2008) 'Children of the Amazon', a new documentary by Denise Zmekhol, looks at the cultural transformation of the Surui and Negarote tribes following the development and improvement of a highway that penetrates deep into the Amazon rainforest of western Brazil.

Brazilian government is biggest destroyer of the Amazon rainforest
(9/30/2008) A Brazilian government agency changed with land distribution to the poor is the largest driver of deforestation since 2005, according to the country's environmental ministry.

Brazil suspends Amazon road project until protected areas established
(9/26/2008) Brazil has temporarily suspended the paving of a major Amazon road pending demarcation of 13 neighboring protected areas, reports the Associated Press.

Brazil plans to cut Amazon deforestation to zero by 2015
(9/26/2008) Brazil aims to cut net deforestation to zero by 2015 according to a plan that will be released by the government next week.

Norway offers $1 billion towards saving the Amazon rainforest
(9/17/2008) Norway will donate up to a billion dollars to a Brazilian government fund that aims to protect the Amazon rainforest.


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Copyright Rhett Butler 1994-2005