Kongo Kongo African, Indigenous and Syncretic Religions in Latin America
Santeria, Macumba, Candomblé and other African, indigenous and syncretic ... origins

Click Afrique: Magazine: History: Africa's Ancient Empires - Kongo
Congo River settling amongst and eventually absorbing the indigenous communities.

african indigenous people bamana
Home. Africa, African Anthropology - General Resources. ... Fulani Hausa Hemba Holoholo

Book review: Democracy and Decentralisation in South Asia and West ...
...as ineffectual, are forums to discuss indigenous African models, which ... that the author

Religions of the World -- African
Buganda's Indigenous Religion A southern Ungandan Tradition, ozric ... www.tcnj.edu/~

H-Net Review: Richard A. Corby <corby@uamont.edu> on Kongo, Ndongo ...
...of Esikongo society, and its interaction with indigenous culture ... particularly a 1502

Congo (Zaire)
20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, African 10%. ... Lingala, Azande, Chokwe, Kongo, Luba.

Traditions and Encounters | Table of Contents
...in Mali; Blended Islam with indigenous beliefs and customs ... Christianity reached

Traditions and Encounters | Overview
Kongo, Ndongo, and south Africa became European ... Portuguese slave traders encouraged

kitsch parade :: Christian Influence on Kongo Religious and Royal ...
...with the indigenous religion, European influence led to the decline of Christian

African Timelines Part II
African states, but scholars argue that indigenous slavery was ... Africa, such as Benin

He also streamlined Kongo politics and established one of the most modern ... Through

...lead to the total social disintegration that befell the indigenous people of South

Ethnicity and Race by Countries
...the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes—Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu ... Venezuela,

Exploring Africa -> Students-> Religion in Africa-> Christianity
...the independent Antonine Christian movement in the Kongo? ... In which ways do African

African Arts: Ethnographic notes on Kongo musical instruments
...kinds has sexual connotations in Bantu-speaking Africa. ... friends, the nganga of Mwe

African Arts: The Metropolitan Museum of art, New York - new ...
...of a powerful and unconquered African head of ... of sovereign nations, the kings of

African Languages
...the very large number of its indigenous languages ... Umbundu (Angola), Rwanda (Rwanda),

Geometry.Net - Basic_K: Kongo Indigenous Peoples Africa
...speaking peoples lived along the west independent Antonine Christian movementin

allRefer Reference - Zaire - The Kongo Peoples | Zaire Information ...
Zaire. The Kongo Peoples. The Kongo have long occupied all of Bas-Zaïre

allRefer Reference - Zaire - Traditional African Religions | Zaire ...
The wide variety of African indigenous beliefs and practices makes generalizations

Middle East Information Center :: Arab Israeli Conflict News ...
...objective the preservation of indigenous culture and ... AFRICANIZATION" PROCESS THROUGHOUT

UCTP Excerpt: Maroons: Rebel Slaves in the Americas by Richard ...
...mingled in mountain hideaways with indigenous Taino people ... Many Vodou objects reflect

SIM Country Profile: Angola
...at least 200,000 speakers in Angola) are Chokwe, Kongo, Kwanyama, Nganguela ... 84.6%:

Global Geografia - Africa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
...of the Congo WEST, Central African Republic and ... tropical Language: French (official),

Map & Graph: Africa:Countries by People: Ethnic groups
Mozambique, indigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika ... other African

Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in ... Nyanja, Tonga, and about

African religions -- Britannica Concise Encyclopedia Online ...
...of dance from dance, African In African societies, dance ... Within an indigenous dance

Encyclopedia of African History
Jaga Invasion to 1665 Kongo Kingdom: 17th ... History of Religion, Indigenous Beliefs:

Encyclopedia of African History
17th and 18th Centuries Kongo, Teke (Tio) and ... Indigenous Crafts Colonialism: Ideology

MSN Encarta - Africa
The Kongo of the DRC, the Ganda of Uganda, the Chagga of ... American cultural traits

MSN Encarta - Africa
The Kongo king welcomed the Portuguese, seeking ... persevered, incorporating further

African Religion History - African Religious History on the ...
...story architecture, Islam and indigenous African cultures, Shawabtis ... the fragmented

Christianity in Africa - African Religion on the Internet
...researchers on African Independent Churches, African Indigenous Churches, African

AFONSO I, Angola/Congo/Zaire/Dem. Rep. of Congo, Catholic
This attempt at developing an indigenous clergy failed, even ... a grandson, DIOGO I.

Glimpses #151: Christianity in Africa
...a Catholic form of Christianity to the Kongo Kingdom (central ... of whom ever set foot

African Geography Quiz # 1 - The Congo Cookbook (African recipes) ...
...of these food crops is not indigenous to Africa ... Paton; All of the above. Which African

Sub-Sahara African Christianity: A History of the Christian Church ...
African Independent Churches, or African Indigenous Churches, depending on ... Historically

African Initiated Churches (AICs)
Churches (AICs, since the initials can stand equally well for African Independent

Hoodoo: An Ancient African & Afro-diaspora Tradition
...in particular (Fon, Ewe, Yoruba, Kongo (Angola) based ... and impressive body of herbs

...established contact with the powerful Kongo Kingdom ... from western, central and southern

L'État Indépendant du Congo, American Philosophical Society
...comments that the author provides on the indigenous population are ... entries. Subjects.

Treasure in the Terror: The African Cultural Legacy in the ...
3; W. Holman Bentley, Dictionary and Grammar of the Kongo Language, Baptist ... Aguinaldo

ANGOLA: Portuguese Angola fared even worse than the Kongo after the ... Indigenous African

History of African Art by region
...as elsewhere on the continent, indigenous African religions require ... the case elsewhere,

Africa Direct-Ethnographic art, trade beads, masks, carvings ...
Kongo nkisi nail figure-Congo-FINE $1,700.00. Power Figure (Nkisi) Congo People

CMG Books and Art - African Art, Oceanic Art and arts of the ...
We are specialists in books on the arts of Africa, Oceania and the indigenous

The Kongo Empire was an African kingdom located in southwest Africa in what are now northern Angola, Cabinda, Republic of the Congo, and the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. At its greatest extent, it reached from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Kwango River in the east, and from the Congo River in the north to the Loje River in the south. The empire consisted of six provinces ruled by a monarch, the Manikongo of the Bakongo (Kongo peoples), but its sphere of influence extended to the neighboring states as well.

Before the arrival of the Europeans, the Kongo Empire was a highly developed state at the center of an extensive trading network. Apart from natural resources and ivory, the country manufactured and traded copperware, raffia cloth, and pottery. The Kongo people spoke in the Kongo language.

In his travels along the African coast in the 1480s, Portuguese navigator Diogo Cão first encountered stories of a great empire that controlled trade in the region. In 1483, he visited Manikongo Nzinga in his capital, Mbanza, and persuaded the king to open his country to the Portuguese. Then were 6 states in the region: Sonho, Bamba, Pemba, Batta, Fango and Sundi. This last one (capital Ambezi) was the first to accept the Portuguese protectorate. Catholic missionaries arrived in 1490, and ten years later the Manikongo himself was baptized and assumed the name Afonso. The king also sent his son Afonso to Portugal to be educated, and one of his grandsons later became the first black African bishop in the Catholic Church. The capital city was renamed Sao Salvador.

In the following decades, the Kongo Empire became a major source of slaves for traders from Portugal and other European countries. This began taking its toll on the Empire, and in 1526, the Manikongo wrote to King João of Portugal, imploring him to put a stop to the practice. His plea went unanswered, and relations between the two countries soured. Severely weakened by a loss of manpower and a victim of incursions by other neighboring states, the Kongo Empire went into decline. The Portuguese saw this as an opportunity to increase the number of slaves being taken from the region. Under increasing pressure from without and within, by the late sixteenth century the country had all but ceased to exist.

At the Battle of Ambuila in 1665, the Portuguese forces from Angola defeated the forces of king Antonio I of Kongo; Antonio was killed with many of his courtiers and the Luso-African author Manuel Roboredo, who had attempted to prevent this final war. Nevertheless, the country continued to exist, at least in name, for over two centuries, until the realm was divided among Portugal, Belgium, and France at the Conference of Berlin in 1884-1885.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kongo Kongo