Urdu language resources
Urdu is spoken on a daily basis in: United Kingdom, Bangladesh, India, Mauritius, Pakistan
Additional background on
Urdu (?????) is an Indo-European language of the Indo-Aryan family that developed under Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Hindi, and Sanskrit influence in South Asia during the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire (1200–1800).
Taken by itself, Urdu is approximately the twentieth most populous natively spoken language in the world, and is the national language of Pakistan as well as one of the 23 national languages of India.
Urdu also refers to a standardised register of Hindustani termed kha?i boli, that emerged as the standard dialect of Urdu. The grammatical description in this article concerns this standard Urdu.
Urdu is often contrasted with Hindi, another standardised form of Hindustani. The primary differences between the two are that Standard Urdu is written in Nastaliq script and draws heavily on Persian and Arabic vocabulary, while standard Hindi is written in Devanagari and has supplemented some of its Persian and Arabic vocabulary with words from Sanskrit. The term "Urdu" also includes dialects of Hindustani other than the standardised languages. Other than these, linguists consider Urdu and Hindi to be the same language.
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All data is derived from UNESCO.