Tajik language resources
Tajik is spoken on a daily basis in: Tajikistan
Additional background on
This article is about the national language of Tajikistan. For the language of the Pamir family spoken near the Tajikistan border in Xinjiang and officially referred to in China as "Tajik", see Sarikoli.
Tajik (sometimes written Tadjik; ??????, ???????, tojikÝ [t??d??'ki]) is a variant of the Persian language spoken in Central Asia. It is an Indo-European language, more specifically part of the Iranian language group. Speakers of Tajik live mostly in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and western Pakistan. Tajik is the official language of Tajikistan.
Tajik is an offspring of the Persian language, and belongs - along with Afghanistan's Dari - to the Eastern dialects of Persian. Historically, it was considered the local dialect of Persian spoken by the Tajik ethnic group in Central Asia. The language has diverged somewhat from Persian as spoken in Afghanistan and Iran, because of political borders and the influence of Russian, although a transcribed Tajik text is easily understood by a native Persian speaker of either Iran or Afghanistan.
The standard language is based on the north-western dialects of Tajik, which have been influenced by the neighbouring Uzbek language as a result of geographical proximity.
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All data is derived from UNESCO.