Ruthenian language resources
Ruthenian is spoken on a daily basis in: Slovakia
Additional background on
For other uses, see Ruthenian language (disambiguation).
Ruthenian was a historic East Slavic language, spoken after 1569 in the East Slavic territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Having evolved from the Old East Slavic language, Ruthenian was the ancestor of modern Belarusian. It is sometimes also called "Old Belarusian" (Belarusian starabjelaruskaja mova) or even "West Russian" (Russian zapadnorusskij jazyk). As Ruthenian was always in a kind of diglossic opposition to Church Slavonic, it was and still is often called prosta(ja) mova (Cyrillic ??????(?) ????, literally 'simple language').
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All data is derived from UNESCO.