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Chinese language resources



Chinese is spoken on a daily basis in: Cambodia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Trinidad and Tobago, Viet Nam, Antigua, Canada, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, United States

Encyclopedia resources on Chinese
Chinese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
About one-fifth of the people in the world speak some form of Chinese as their native language, making it the language with the most native speakers. The terms Chinese language and Chinese can both refer ...

Chinese written language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cantonese, and Cantonese in the following illustration can be replaced with any spoken language of Chinese. Cantonese speakers are all taught standard written Chinese in school even though its grammar ...

Chinese spoken language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
...major spoken variations of Chinese are such that they are mutually unintelligible. See Is Chinese a language or a family of languages? for the debate on whether the variations of spoken Chinese should be ...

Cantonese (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Like other major varieties of Chinese , Cantonese is often considered a dialect of a single Chinese Language for cultural or nationalistic reasons; most linguists consider Cantonese a separate language ...

Han Chinese - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
...criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy. Han Chinese all speak some form of the Chinese language ; one of the Chinese names is Hanyu ( Traditional Chinese : 漢語; Simplified Chinese : 汉语 ...

Japanese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
...more than 90,000 foreign students study at Japanese universities and Japanese language schools , including 77,000 Chinese and 15,000 South Koreans in 2003. Furthermore, local governments and some NPO ...

Mandarin (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
...article is on all of the Northern Chinese dialects. For the standardized official spoken Chinese language (Putonghua/Guoyu), see Standard Mandarin . Mandarin (官話 / 官? Gu?nhuà ) Spoken in: China ...

Category:Chinese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Articles in category "Chinese language" There are 93 articles in this section of this category. * Chinese language B Beijing dialect Bronzeware script C Cantonese (linguistics) Chinese Translation of Crisis ...

Standard Mandarin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
...which was accepted as the official transcription system for the Chinese language by the PRC in 1958 and later by the United Nations and other international organizations. During the 1950s , there were ...

Vietnamese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
...or "national script," literally "national language," from Chinese 國語 / guoyu), based on the Latin alphabet . Originally a Romanization of Vietnamese, it was codified in the 17th century by a French ...



Academic resources on Chinese
Chinese Language Page
Chinese, Food, the Chinese people, History of China, People's Daily, China News Digest, Funland, Cantonese, Chinese Script, Chinese Tones, Chinese grammar, Chinese teacher aids, Chinese language ...

CHINESE TEXT INI.
CHINESE TEXT INITIATIVE We are pleased to announce the Chinese Text Initiative, an effort to make texts of Chinese literature available on the World Wide Web. These sites are still very much under ...

Dining
...to say "Hi" in Chinese? What would you say when you are invited by a Chinese friend or vice versa? When introduced, how would you meet with your new Chinese friends? And ...

Home of 300 Tang Poems
The Chinese Room Argument The Chinese room argument - John Searle's (1980a) thought experiment and associated (1984) derivation - is one of the best known and widely credited counters to claims of ...

Chinese Room Argument [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
The Chinese Room Argument The Chinese room argument - John Searle's (1980a) thought experiment and associated (1984) derivation - is one of the best known and widely credited counters to claims of ...

History Timeline
Clicking on the Chinese characters for each of the dynasty will bring up a list of the emperors (in Chinese) for each of the respective dynasty. However, not every dynasty will have a link. For those ...

Learning Chinese Online Page
Everything you wanted to know about learning the Chinese langauge.

Yamada Language Center: Chinese WWW guide
Comprehensive Guide to Studies of China ed, links Chinese News Digest - Several issues per week, dealing with global and regional chineese issues. Available in a variety ...

Brooklyn College Core 9: Chinese Culture Page
Chinese history from the viewpoint of the elite and the masses Chronology ü Sima Qian: Extracts from Records of the Grand Historian , two biographies. ü Sima Qian:The Legalist Polices of ...

Chinese Cultural Studies: The Chinese Language and Alphabet
Other Chinese Web Sites Chinese Cultural Studies: The Chinese Language and Writing Articles from: David Crystal, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987 ...



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Government resources on Chinese
http://www.voa.gov/chinese/
Chinese Chinese RULES OF APPLICATION Romanization 1. ALA-LC romanization of ideographic characters used for the Chinese language follows the principles of the Pinyin (" spell sound ") system. The ...

Chinese
Chinese Chinese RULES OF APPLICATION Romanization 1. ALA-LC romanization of ideographic characters used for the Chinese language follows the principles of the Pinyin (" spell sound ") system. The ...

CIA - The World Factbook -- China
Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1% Religions: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslim 1%-2%, Christian 3%-4% note: ...

welcome .html
SELECT COMMITTEE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

Five Views: An Ethnic Historic Site Survey for California (Chinese ...
History of Chinese Americans in California: INTRODUCTION This report concentrates on the early decades of Chinese American history, 1850 to 1900. Limiting our scope in time has made it possible to ...

Social Security Online
How to Contact Us Search Multilanguage Gateway Home Chinese Get Accessible Acrobat Reader Introduction to the Social Security Program Appeals The Social Security Number Subjects of Special Interest ...

Medicare.gov - Asian Overview
Provides links to information about Medicare programs in Chinese. Search Frequently Asked Questions d Home | Screen Reader Version | Español The Official U.S. Government Site for People with ...

CVBDB Chinese Mitten Crab
Welcome to the Bay - Delta Chinese Mitten Crab page. For further information, contact : Mitten Crab Watch Back to Top of Page 2005 State of California. Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor. Conditions of Use ...

New Chinese Romanization Guidelines
New Chinese Romanization Guidelines Library of Congress Pinyin Conversion Project New Chinese Romanization Guidelines Table of Contents Introduction Rules of Application Romanization Separation of ...

National Endowment for the Humanities
Bette Bao Lord speaks with Chairman Cole about blending Chinese and American culture The reign and destruction of an Egyptian queen A workshop for teachers at St. Augustine , the nation's oldest European ...



".org" resources on Chinese
Chinese language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
About one-fifth of the people in the world speak some form of Chinese as their native language, making it the language with the most native speakers. The terms Chinese language and Chinese can both refer ...

CHINESE-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTION TO TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD
H. Strobridge, when the work was all over, invited the Chinese who had been brought over from Victory for that purpose, to dine at his boarding car ...

Chinese Christian Internet Mission
1996 - 2004 Chinese Christian Internet Mission. All rights reserved. P. O. Box 610153, Newton, MA 02461-0153 Phone: (617) 614-0563 Email: [email protected]

History & info - the Chinese calendar
Chinese New Year is the main holiday of the year for more than one quarter of the world's population. What does the Chinese Year look like? What Years Are Leap Years? How Does One Count Years? The ...

Chinese Herbs & Co.: Your Guide for Herbal Nutritional Supplements
Reference guide for popular chinese herbs and herbal supplements. Read about herbs and herbal remedies known to build and strengthen the body! Herbal Supplements Introduction Ginseng Yohimbe ...

http://www.ocanatl.org/
Donate an Automobile to CHSSC Health & Wellness Historical Timeline Chinese American History Resources L.A.'s WWII Chinese American Veterans 19th Century Shrine Restoration Chinatown Map Festivals CHSSC ...

Chinese Historical Society of Southern California
Donate an Automobile to CHSSC Health & Wellness Historical Timeline Chinese American History Resources L.A.'s WWII Chinese American Veterans 19th Century Shrine Restoration Chinatown Map Festivals CHSSC ...

Chinese Children Charities/Chinese Children Adoption International - a ...
Welcome to Chinese Children Adoption International ...Where Families Grow and Dreams Come True! Experience . Reputation . Focus . Passion . Integrity Joshua Zhong, Rev ...

China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jump to: navigation , search This article is about the Chinese civilization. For the modern-day state commonly referred to as China , see People's Republic of China ...

The Four Spiritual Laws - Traditional Chinese
Questions and Comments are always welcome! http://www.greatcom.org/laws/chinese_traditional/ [email protected]



Commercial resources on Chinese

Chinese (??/??, Pinyin: Hnyu; ??, Zhongwn; ??/??, Huyu; or ??/??, Huwn) is a language (or language family) that forms part of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. According to Guinness World Records 2006, Chinese, with 1.4 billion speakers in the Mandarin dialect alone, is the most commonly spoken language in the world. About one-fifth of the people in the world speak some form of Chinese as their native language.

In general, all varieties of Chinese are tonal and analytic. However, spoken Chinese is also distinguished for a high level of internal diversity. Regional variation between different variants/dialects is comparable in many respects to the Romance language family; many variants of spoken Chinese are different enough to be mutually incomprehensible.

There are between six and twelve main regional groups of Chinese (depending on classification scheme), of which the most populous by far is Mandarin (c. 800 million), followed by Wu (c. 90 million), and Cantonese (Yue; c. 70 million). The identification of the varieties of Chinese as languages or dialects is a controversial issue. If Chinese is classified as a single language rather than a group of languages, it has the largest number of speakers in the world; if not then speakers of English as a first and second language number more, though Mandarin still holds the title for most native speakers.

The standardized form of spoken Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, a member of the Mandarin group; it is described in the article Standard Mandarin. Standard Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore. Chinesede facto, Standard Mandarinis one of the six official languages of the United Nations. Spoken in the form of Standard Cantonese, Chinese is one of the official languages of Hong Kong (together with English) and of Macau (together with Portuguese).

Vernacular Chinese, which is most closely based on the Mandarin group, is the standardized written language used by speakers of all Chinese spoken variants. Some other variants, including Cantonese and Minnan, have also developed written forms that correspond more closely to the spoken form of those variants, though these are used predominantly in informal contexts.

Listen to the introductory section of the article (helpinfo)


Chinese


What are the most spoken languages on earth?

All data is derived from UNESCO.





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