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United Arab Emirates
Bridge across Dubayy's creek; the United Arab Emirates
boasts many modern highways.
Courtesy Embassy of the United Arab Emirates, Washington
Oil revenues have helped finance a modern
infrastructure consisting of roads, ports, and airports.
facilities have helped make the UAE, and Dubayy in
major hub of regional and international air and sea
UAE has about 2,000 kilometers of roads, of which 1,800
paved as of 1993. The principal road is a highway via the
coastal cities, from Ash Sham to the northwestern border
UAE, where it connects with roads to Saudi Arabia and
Dubayy's port at Mina Jabal Ali, with sixty-seven
1988, is one of the largest man-made harbors in the world.
Located fifty-three kilometers southwest of the city of
it handled nearly 10 million tons of cargo in 1989. Mina
also in Dubayy, in 1984 had thirty-five berths. The Dubayy
Authority was established in 1991 to operate the two
addition to Mina Jabal Ali and Mina Rashid in Dubayy, the
other ports are Mina Zayid in Abu Dhabi, Mina Khalid in
Mina Saqr in Ras al Khaymah, Khawr Fakkan, and Mina al
the port at Al Fujayrah.
During periods of regional conflict, such as the
War of 1980-88 and the Persian Gulf War of 1991, high
premiums for gulf shipping periodically reduced the amount
traffic handled at the UAE's ports, although Mina al
Khawr Fakkan had the advantage of lying outside the
on the Gulf of Oman. Abu Dhabi National Tankers Company
about fifty ships, another aspect of UAE port traffic.
The international airport in Dubayy is the region's
serving 4.3 million passengers in 1988 and handling
of cargo in 1990. Other international airports, which have
difficulty attracting traffic, operate in Sharjah, Ras al
Khaymah, and Al Fujayrah. The New Abu Dhabi International
opened in 1982, and the Al Ayn International Airport was
scheduled to open in the early 1990s. Emirates Airlines is
UAE's international airline.
Data as of January 1993