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Roads: Totaled 79,025 kilometers, including
kilometers of paved roads, 33,140 kilometers of gravel
35,972 kilometers of improved and unimproved earth roads.
American Highway (Longitudinal Highway), running length of
forms 3,600-kilometer backbone of road system, with
roads leading from it east and west. Southern extension of
1,100 kilometers, Southern Highway, from Puerto Montt to
Yungay, opened in 1988. International highways also
include AricaSantos Highway to Bolivia and Trans-Andean Highway between
Valparaíso and Mendoza, Argentina.
Vehicles: 1.7 million (1994), including
passenger cars, 403,842 vans, 49,006 buses, 126,698
motorcycles, and 46,014 other commercial vehicles. An
202,000 vehicles expected to be registered in 1994.
Railroads: Mostly state-owned, operated by
Company (Empresa de Ferrocarrilles del Estado--EFE).
kilometers. Privately owned lines, totaling 2,130
mostly in desert north, where northern terminal is
passenger trains to northern Chile from Santiago. Four
international railroads: two to Bolivia, one to northwest
Argentina, and one to Peru. In 1992 Congress approved
of EFE, with only infrastructure remaining state owned.
period of neglect, government investment in EFE
expected in 1993 to total US$98 million. In July 1993,
Brazil invited Bolivia and Argentina to participate in
to build interoceanic railroad line between Chilean and
coasts. Santiago has underground railroad system (metro).
Ports: Nine main ports: Antofagasta, Arica,
Iquique, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, San Antonio,
(country's best harbor and its main naval station), and
also nine others. Only four or five have adequate
ten are used primarily for coastal shipping, restricted to
flag vessels. Northern mining ports include Caldera,
Coquimbo, and Huasco. Petroleum and gas ports include Cabo
Clarencia, Puerto Percy, and San Gregorio. Main forest
ports San Vicente and Lirquén on Concepción Bay.
transport of goods by road between Chilean ports of
Arica, Iquique, and Valparaíso and Brazilian ports of
Porto Alegre. Government building a US$10 million
in Punta Arenas to service growing number of foreign
cruise liners, and scientific ships en route to
Ventanas--first private port in country, located on
in Valparaíso Region--opened in 1993.
Waterways: 725 kilometers of navigable inland
mainly in southern lake district; Río Calle Calle provides
Airports and Air Transport: 390 total, of which
usable airports, forty-eight of them paved. Two
airports: Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International
Pudahuel outside Santiago; Chacalluta International
Three main Chilean carriers: National Airlines (Línea
Nacional de Chile--LAN-Chile), Fast Air, and Chilean
(Línea Aérea del Cobre--Ladeco). By 1993 air
had grown by 56 percent since 1990. United States share of
States-Chile market increased from 34 percent in 1990 to
in late 1993.
Telecommunications: 342 radios, 205
sixty-eight telephones per 1,000 people in 1990. Broadcast
included 167 AM, no FM, 131 TV, and twelve shortwave
Modern telephone system based on extensive microwave relay
facilities. Total telephones in 1991 about 768,000. In
1993, Chilesat, a Telex Chile subsidiary, joined the
Columbus-2, and Unisur cable networks, a fiber-optics
telecommunications system through submarine cables linking
America with North America and Europe.
Data as of March 1994